Located at Shepherds Theological Seminary in Cary, North Carolina, the Center for Research of Biblical Manuscripts and Inscriptions provides advanced teaching and research in biblical textual criticism and manuscript studies.


(919) 573-5350


6051 Tryon Road 

Cary, NC 27518




© 2023 Center for Research of Biblical Manuscripts and Inscriptions


Learn about our staff and contributors who are highly trained in biblical textual criticism and advanced biblical languages analysis. 


The CRBMI offers MA, MDiv, and Th students of Shepherds Theological Seminary a number of courses in the area of New Testament and Old Testament textual criticism, led by our distinguished staff. Prospective students interested in the CRBMI program should apply through Shepherds Theological Seminary.   

Andrew is the Director of The Center for Research of Biblical Manuscripts and Inscriptions, serving also as Associate Professor of New Testament and Early Christianity at Shepherds Theological Seminary in Cary, NC. He earned his BS in Computer Engineering from the University of Illinois, two MA degrees (Biblical Literature and Biblical Languages) from Shepherds Theological Seminary, and a PhD in Biblical Studies (New Testament and Christian Origins) from the University of Edinburgh. He has taught at Shepherds Theological Seminary since 2011.

His research and teaching interests revolve around the transmission and interpretation of the texts of the New Testament, ranging from textual criticism and manuscript studies to Greek discourse analysis. Based on his interest in biblical manuscripts, Andrew serves as Project Supervisor of the Green Paul Project for the Museum of the Bible Scholars Initiative and is currently editing the Editio Critica Maior volumes of the Pastoral Epistles for the Institut für neutestamentliche Textforschung (INTF). Andrew also serves as Assistant Editor for the Society of Biblical Literature’s Text-Critical Studies series.


Textual Criticism

Hellenistic Greek

Greek Palaeography

Discourse Analysis


Monographs/Edited Volumes

  • A Study of the Gospels in Codex Alexandrinus: Codicology, Palaeography, and Scribal Hands (New Testament Tools, Studies and Documents 48; Leiden: Brill, 2014).

  • Novum Testamentum Graece: Editio Critica Maior. Die Pastoralbriefe. (Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, in preparation).

Book Chapters

  • Smith, W. Andrew. “To Be or Not To Be: Presence and Absence of Copulative Verbs in Greek and Latin New Testament Manuscripts,” in At One Remove: Versions and Other Indirect Evidence for the New Testament, eds. Hugh Houghton and Peter Montoro IV (Texts and Studies; Piscataway: Gorgias Press), forthcoming.


  • “Clothing” and “Protection.” In The Lexham Theological Wordbook, ed. John D. Barry. Bellingham: Logos Bible Software, 2014.

  • “Evaluating a Critical Evaluation of the CBGM: A Review Article.” TC: A Journal of Biblical Textual Criticism 24 (2019).

  • “Purification,” “Upright,” and “Washing.” In The Dictionary of the Bible and Western Culture: A Handbook for Students, eds. Mary Ann Beavis and Michael Gilmour. Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2012.

  • Smith, W. Andrew and Valerie Smith. “P. Duke Inv. 1377 (𝔓136): A Fragmentary Acts of the Apostles Papyrus.” Novum Testamentum 60.3 (2018): 290–310.

CRBMI Director

W. Andrew Smith

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Stephen D. Campbell

Academic Director, Aquila Initiative

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Stephen is the Academic Director of the Aquila Initiative and pastor of the International Baptist Church in Bonn, Germany. He earned his PhD in Theology from Durham University. His 2019 dissertation “Remembering the Unexperienced: Cultural Memory, Canon Consciousness, and the Book of Deuteronomy” engages with German Egyptologist Jan Assmann and biblical theologian Brevard Childs to constrict a framework in which to interpret Deuteronomy as a bearer and shaper of cultural memory. 



  • “The Surety of God’s Promises: A Theological Interpretation of Genesis 22.” Biblical Theology Bulletin 49.3 (2019): 121–131.

  • “Upper Gate” and “Corner Gate.” In The Lexham Bible Dictionary, eds. J. D. Barry and L. Wentz. Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press, 2012.

Steve Young

Research Associate, CRBMI

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Steve is completing his MA(Biblical Literature and Languages) degree at Shepherds Theological Seminary and contributes to the MOTB-SI Greek Paul Project by reconciling transcriptions, indexing manuscripts, and assisting students with palaeographic questions.